Summary and evaluation of the world's five major p

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A few days ago, the world research institute headquartered in Washington (hereinafter referred to as "wri") released a new research report. The report summarizes and evaluates the development history of the photovoltaic and wind power industries in the five major global markets since 2000

in terms of photovoltaic and wind power industries, Germany, China, the United States, Japan and India have developed rapidly and have a certain scale. The report summarizes the photovoltaic and wind power industry policies of the five countries, and expresses its own views on the differences in the policy framework supporting the photovoltaic industry in the five countries

the author of the report said that in view of the fact that the local market has not automatically copied the positive development of the solar product manufacturing industry, in order to support the photovoltaic industry, it is necessary to provide an independent policy framework for the upstream and downstream. The trend of global trading of solar components is declining, and the complexity of wind turbine components can ensure that the manufacturing of wind power industry in a regional hub is close to the market

the German market is squeezed and its leading position is at stake

in view of the implementation of fit under the National Renewable Energy Act (EEG) and the wise policy support of the government, the German solar market is still the "Titanic" in the world. However, the production cost of photovoltaic modules in Germany is high, and the market expansion has lagged behind. The missing market is squeezed by cheaper modules in China and India

U.S. photovoltaic policy "fragmented" decision makers still need to be rational

given that the U.S. photovoltaic policy is dominated by States, the policy also appears "fragmented". The United States has also been criticized for this, whether it is an oil pump or an oil motor. After policy makers bet billions of dollars of taxpayers into thin-film technology, which is more costly and risky, the U.S. component and battery manufacturing suffered from a lack of political will. At least before the U.S. Congress introduced a set of measures suitable for itself, the price difference means that Chinese polysilicon components are still more popular in the market

after the nuclear disaster, Japan's photovoltaic industry is booming, and the cost is still high

in view of many factors such as labor costs, the manufacturing cost of components in Japan is still high. However, affected by the "fate" of nuclear energy, the development path of Japan's solar energy market began to flourish after twists and turns

trade war is a "double-edged sword" for China to start the local market

China's traditional mode of "saving more and selling at a low price" (some insiders believe that the Chinese government provides funds to local photovoltaic enterprises) makes China's photovoltaic manufacturing industry occupy a dominant position in the global market. However, the United States and the European Union jointly "worked hard" on Chinese photovoltaic enterprises, and China began to shift its focus to the huge domestic market, but its trading partners worried that this would make China a closed market. At present, Chinese enterprises have not mastered the production of cheap polysilicon, which leads to any trade punitive measures against them, which will in turn hit the economies of the United States and the European Union

there are many contradictions in the development of India's photovoltaic industry

as far as the solar energy industry is concerned, India is also a new comer. Like China, India also gives priority to exports, and the local market is vulnerable to losses due to the lack of cheap investment funds and backward infrastructure. The country is also full of contradictions. The governments of various states tend to adjust the tension machine to the appropriate experimental force and deformed gear (range) To protect manufacturers to increase the satisfaction requirements for solar energy systems. Ironically, these requirements make imported components and batteries cheaper than those purchased from local manufacturers

note: wri cooperates with research institutions in five countries. The partners are as follows: Japan Institute for global environmental strategies, Germany? Ko Institute, Renmin University of China and energy and Resource Institute of India (the essence is to adjust and calibrate the measuring circuit). Zhonghua glass () Department

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